When you go in for an exam, you may find that there is something going on with your eyes that you should have treated. By educating yourself on some of the more common eye issues and what can be done to help correct them, you may feel better prepared to go in for your exam. Here are some things you should know about some of the more common eye problems and the treatments for them:
Many people experience changes in their vision that cause them to have a vision score that's less than 20/20 vision, which is considered to be "perfect" vision. Your vision can change due to a number of factors, ranging from genetics or astigmatisms to normal aging. Here are some of the treatment options for vision changes –
- Reading glasses are perfect if your vision has changed in a way that gives you farsightedness, which means you have trouble seeing things that are very close up, such as things you are reading. You only need to wear these glasses on an as-needed basis.
- Prescription glasses can be worn to correct many types of vision changes, including farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatisms. They can also be used to help with night blindness. Bifocals can be added to regular prescription glasses, so they can also double as reading glasses.
- Prescription sunglasses can help people with glaucoma, because they can cut down on the amount of light, so their eyes aren't as irritated by it.
- Lasik eye surgery can correct your vision in many instances, such as when it is caused by an astigmatism, which is a misshapen part of the eye. During Lasik eye surgery, the shape of the eye will be corrected with a laser to improve your vision almost instantly.
- Contact lenses can be used to correct the same types of vision problems that prescription glasses can correct.
Cataracts are clouding growths that cover the natural lenses of the eyes, which are located behind the pupil and iris. When symptoms first show up, new glasses or other visual aids can help. As the condition progresses, you may need to undergo surgery in order to have the cataracts removed. The surgery is a simple one and can really help improve your vision.
Glaucoma is a condition that causes damage to your optic nerve, the part that carries information regarding what you see to your brain. There are usually no symptoms early on, which makes it dangerous. Once you notice symptoms, it has progressed to a point where irreversible damage is probable. This is why regular glaucoma testing is an important part of regular eye exams. Treatment for glaucoma can include a combination of surgery and medications to try to get the condition under control.
For more information, talk to companies like Cripe Stephens & Stickel.